Wasps belong to the Order Hymenoptera, a group of very specialized insects often with highly organized social structures.
Despite the fact that wasps can be very abundant and extremely bothersome at times, there are in fact only four different species that make our life a misery: Two species of Paper wasps – the Tasmanian Paper wasp, and the Chinese Paper wasp – and two species of Vespula wasps - The German wasp and Common wasp.
The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) is the largest of the two European rats. It is distinguished from the ship rat in that the tail, which is about 180 mm in length, is thick and shorter than the body, which is about 200 mm in length, and that the ear of this rat does not reach the eye when pressed forward.
By contrast the Ship Rat or Roof Rat (Rattus rattus), which is more common, has a tail larger than its body, and ears that cover the eyes when pressed forward. Both of the European species are associated with human activity and are found in houses, tips, waterways and cropland.
Ship rat in Fantail nest
Rats have a major impact on New Zealand’s wildlife because they eat native animals and their eggs. They also eat a wide range of native fruit and plants, which puts them in competition with native wildlife for food.
Norway rats are large enough to kill nesting adult seabirds and prey on animals that live, roost or nest close to the ground.
Ship rats are causing the most damage to our wildlife because they are good climbers, so they are able to get access to most bird nests high in trees.
Having mice in your home is more than an inconvenience - they can be a serious health risk particularly in kitchens or areas where children play.
Mice can also do significant damage to your home and furniture by gnawing through wood and plastic.
Mice can even cause house fires by chewing through electrical cables.
Ctenocephalides felis, the ‘cat flea’, is one of the most profuse and prevalent fleas found in the world. As the name suggests, the ‘cat flea’s’ primary host is the domestic cat but they can also live on other pets and animals, such as dogs, rodents and possums. The cat flea, is also the primary flea, that infests dogs in most parts of the world.
White to brown-grey or bluish-silver in color, silverfish are teardrop-shaped insects that measure up to12-19 mm in length. Three long bristles on rear. Grow from egg to adult without visible change in appearance.
Capable of thriving in most climates, silverfish prefer to dwell in dark, damp areas such as basements, attics, kitchens and bathrooms. They are especially attracted to paper and damp clothing. Commonly found in stored boxes in garages and sheds.
Silverfish feed on carbohydrates, particularly sugars and starches. Cellulose, shampoos, glue in books, linen, silk and dead insects may be food sources. Have been found in unopened food packages.
Cockroaches are a flat and wide beetle that is often found in and around human dwellings.Cockroaches are a common household pest in New Zealand. While they are only a low-level health risk, cockroaches thrive in unhealthy environments and they can transmit a number of diseases.